List of the past ALAAFIN of OYO.
( 1) Oranmiyan
( 2 ) Ajaka
( 3 ) Sango
( 4 ) Ajaja
( 5) Aganju
( 6 ) Kori
( 7 ) Oluaso
( 8 ) Onigbogi
( 9) Ofiran
( 10 ) Egunoju
( 11 ) Orompoto
( 12 ) Ajiboyede
( 13) Abipa – 1570 -1580
( 14 ) Obalokun – 1580-1600
( 15 ) Ajagbo (1600-1658)
( 16 ) Adaranwu (1658-1660)
( 17 ) Kanran (1660-1665)
( 18 ) Janyin (1655-1670)
( 19 ) Ayibi (1678-1690)
( 20 ) Osinyango (1690-1698)
( 21 ) Ojigi (1698-1732)
( 22 ) Gbaru (1732-1738)
( 23 ) Amuniwaye (1738-1742)
( 24 ) Onisile (1742-1750)
( 25) Labisi – 1750-1750
( 26) Awonbioju – 1750-1750
(27) Agboluaje (1750-1772)
(28) Majeogbe (1772-1775)
( 30) Abiodun Adegoolu (1755-1805)
( 31) Aole
(33) Maku (1802-1830)
( 34) Majotu
( 35) Amodo (1830-1830)
( 36) Oluewu (1830-1834)
( 37) Abiodun Atiba (1837-1859)
( 38) Adule (1858-1875)
( 39) Adeyemi I (1875-1905)
(40) Lawani Agogoija (1905-1911)
(41) Ladigbolu 1911 – Dec. 1944
(42) Adeniran Adeyemi II 1945-1955
(43). Bello Gbadegesin Ladigbolu II July 20 1956- 1968
(44) OBA Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III (15 October 1938 – 22 April 2022) was the Alaafin, or traditional ruler, of the Yoruba town of Oyo and rightful heir to the throne of its historic empire.
King Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III
Aláàfin Ọ̀yọ́; Ikú Bàbá Yèyé Alaafin of Oyo
18 November 1970 – 22 April 2022
18 November 1970
Gbadegesin Ladigbolu II
Lámídì Ọláyíwọlá Àtàndá Adéyẹmí
15 October 1938
Oyo, Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
22 April 2022 (aged 83)
Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Ayaba Abibat Adeyemi,
Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi Atanda
Oba Lamidi Adeyemi III
Oba Adeniran Adeyemi II
Yoruba Religion; Islam
Early life and ancestry
Alaafin Adeyemi III was born Lamidi Olayiwola Atanda Adeyemi on October 15, 1938 into the Alowolodu Royal House, and as a member of the House of Oranmiyan to Raji Adeniran Adeyemi (born 1871), who later became Alaafin in 1945, and Ibironke of Epo-Gingin, who died when he was young.
His father is said to have had over 200 wives. His paternal grandfather was Alaafin Adeyemi I Alowolodu, who ruled during the Kiriji War, and was the last independent ruler of the Oyo Empire before British colonialism. Alaafin Adeyemi I’s father, and Adeyemi III’s great-grandfather was Oba Atiba Atobatele, who founded New Oyo. Atiba’s father, his great-great grandfather, was Alaafin Abiodun, and is a direct descendant of Oranmiyan, the founder of the Oyo Empire.
Lamidi’s father, the Alaafin of Oyo Oba Adeyemi II Adeniran, was deposed and exiled in 1954 for sympathizing with the National Council of Nigerian Citizens (NCNC). He had come into conflict with Bode Thomas, deputy leader of the Action Group.
According to rumors, Bode Thomas shouted at him for not standing to greet him as the chairman of NCNC during a political gathering at a party. Oba Adeyemi II Adeniran, insulted, stood and then told Bode Thomas to go home and bark like a dog. Later, he started coughing blood and died while walking back home leaving his entourage. Shortly, Herbert Macaulay heard of the catastrophe, and along with Obafemi Awolowo accused Oba Adeyemi II of poisoning Thomas, and then exiled him from his kingdom. He lived out the rest of his days in Lagos where his subjects still visited him until his death in the early 1960s.
Lamidi Adeyemi succeeded Alaafin Gbadegesin Ladigbolu II in 1970, during the governorship of Colonel Robert Adeyinka Adebayo, after the end of the Nigerian Civil War. In 1975, the head of state General Murtala Ramat Muhammed included Oba Adeyemi in his entourage to the hajj. He was chancellor of Uthman dan Fodiyo University in Sokoto from 1980 to 1992. In 1990, President Ibrahim Babangida appointed him Amir-ul-Hajj in recognition of his commitment to the consolidation of Islam in Nigeria.
On 3 May 2011, the outgoing Oyo State Governor Adebayo Alao-Akala announced that the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi III was no longer Permanent Chairman of the Council of Obas and Chiefs in Oyo State. The state government had just passed a law that introduced rotation of the office of Chairman between the Alaafin and his two rivals, the Olubadan of Ibadanland and the Soun of Ogbomoso. It was said that the measure, introduced by the state assembly with the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) majority, was in response to the Oba’s support for the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) during the April 2011 elections. The ACN beat the PDP decisively in that election.
Talking in September 1984 he said: “Traditional rulers should be seen as the perfect embodiment of the culture of the place, as well as the synthesis of the aspirations and goals of the nation. This is not only in social values of veracity, egalitarianism, justice and democracy; but in dress, utterances and comportment; even the mere necessary trivialities that mark Nigeria and the locality as a distinctive entity”.
He was married to Ayaba Abibat Adeyemi, his senior wife. He attended most events with her or with one of the twelve junior wives that he’s also married to.
His other wives were Ayaba Rahmat Adedayo Adeyemi, Ayaba Mujidat Adeyemi, Ayaba Rukayat Adeyemi, Ayaba Folashade Adeyemi, Ayaba Badirat Ajoke Adeyemi, Ayaba Memunat Omowunmi Adeyemi, Ayaba Omobolanle Adeyemi, Ayaba Moji Adeyemi, Ayaba Anuoluwapo Adeyemi, and Ayaba Damilola Adeyemi.
He was a lover of boxing, as he was a boxer before ascending the throne of his Fathers.
The Alaafin died on April 22, 2022 at the Afe Babalola University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti in Ekiti State, at the age of 83, after reports of a brief illness. His reign of 52 years is the longest reign of any Alaafin of Oyo in history. His death was announced on several major Nigerian news networks on the morning of the next day, where his remains had already been returned to Oyo. His death was the third of a senior monarch in Oyo State within 5 months.
“Between Alaafin Adeniran Adeyemi II and Alaafin Lamidi Adeyemi III”. Vanguard News. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
Adebayo, Musliudeen (24 December 2017). “Alaafin presents Oyo monarch beaded crown 37 years after coronation [PHOTOS]”. Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
Falola, Toyin (1999). Yoruba Gurus: Indigenous Production of Knowledge in Africa. ISBN 9780865436992.
“#FlashBack: The Shocking Story of How Alaafin Adeyemi II Adeniran, Was Dethroned & Banished from Oyo Kingdom by Obafemi Awolowo”. 20 April 2017.
“Alaafin of Oyo Oba Lamidi Adeyemi Turns 70”. The Nation (Nigeria). 3 November 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
YINKA FABOWALE (8 May 2011). “Real reasons Akala sacked Alaafin”. The Sun (Nigeria). Retrieved 18 September 2011.
Reinwald, Brigitte (2001). Afrikanische Beziehungen, Netzwerke und Räume: Africain networks, exchange and spatial dynamics. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 271. ISBN 3-8258-5705-0.
“See The Alaafin Of Oyo’s First Wife, She’s The Same Age As Her Husband”. Information Nigeria. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
“Alaafin of oyo fights for boxing title”. 15 October 2016.
“Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi, is dead”. 23 April 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
“Oba Adeyemi’s passage like a dream, Obasanjo mourns”. Punch Newspapers. 23 April 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
“Just In: Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi, joins ancestors at 83”. 23 April 2022./
“Alaafin of Oyo death: Oba Lamidi Adeyemi die at di age of 83”. 23 April 2022./
“Alaafin Of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi, Is Dead”.
23 April 2022.
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