Lagos Model and the Current Near-Miss of Opportunities in Osun – Part I
It was not long into the Administration of Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola, when it became obvious that the model that was used between 1999 and 2007 in Lagos was going to be used for the renaissance of Osun, the cradle state of the Yorubas, which unfortunate had the most rusty capital in Nigeria as at 2010. Ogbeni had been a Commissioner of Works and Infrastructures in Lagos for eight (8) years and highly ideological on governance issues, before winning election. Having to wait for three (3) years before reclaiming his mandate to become a Governor, he was clear-headed on what to do and the speed of implementation. The plans and programs were documented in a book, The Green Book: “My Pact With The People Of The State Of The State Of Osun”
The governance model has five (5) main features:
1. It must torch all the social spheres of life of the people. It must be highly engaging , with people as the focus of the development at the beginning, middle and at the terminal stage of governance processes and goals. This led to some plans and programs of government, which were adapted as seven integral action plan to suit Osun socio-cultural context. It is to domesticate the welfarism idea of late Chief Obafemi Awolowo and to ensure the security of the people
2. Infrastructural developments to cater for the immediate and future needs of the people in a modern way and to generate maximum economic activities for the people and to some extent, for ring-fencing into the treasury of government. The infrastructural developments are to be intertwined with urban developments of commercial towns (one after the other). Osun is highly urbanized with some towns like Osogbo, ife, ilesa, iwo having potentials to be developed into business districts. The urban and roads development are not only to open commercial corridors like we have on iwo road, Gbongan and ikirun roads in Osogbo but to also provide key essential sector infrastructures like the new Ataoja high school, Fakunle high school and Osogbo Grammar School and Asubiaro General Hospital along these modern roads. Two of these schools have come into national recognitions by winning national awards because of lthe conducive earning and teaching conditions of these schools and Osogbo has capacity for the five (5) high schools, two (2) are remaining to be built at the end Ogbeni’s tenure and opportunities for continuous developments. Ilesa township roads were included and in a systematic approach to decongest the citi center traffic, first and to take advantage of the outer rings of roads with over 7 billion naira spent on the state and Local governments roads in Ilesa in his first term. Opportunities exist to continue the roads in Ilesa and to pave way for the dualization of the Ilesa ereja square to ilesa brewery road. Similar plans were put in place for Ife, Ede, Iwo and other township roads.
3. Leveraging of the financial positions to finance the development of the infrastructures and the programs, which include economic sectors of the state (Agriculture, Commerce and Tourism). This also includes investments on assets and income generating ventures that are capable of appreciating the equities of the government over time. Like Lagos state, an investment special purpose vehicle like Osicol was used like Ibile Holding of Lagos, etc. Aregbesola pushed the limit of the envelope by creating Omoluabi conservation funds for the investments of savings, coming from miscellaneous revenues (excess crude oil), etc
4. Although the revenues (internally generated revenues) would lag behind funding requirements of 1 and 2 above, it would gradually increase. Lagos IGR increased from 600million naira monthly to 7 billion naira monthly in 2007. Similarly, the IGR of Osun increased from annual figure of 4billion in 2010 to 12 billion naira in 2018. In the published public account of Osun, a figure of 19billion naira was reported as the annual IGR of the state., a confirmation of the workings of the model, which had automated the collection and processing of taxes since 2011.
5. At the heart of the model is the reform of policies, job functions, structures and laws of the state to provide legal frameworks and the structural strength required for ease of governance. Many job functions were reclassified into the office of Chief of Staff (COS) to give the COS, the visibility, contributions, control and responsibilities as the effective gatepost of governance. Many traditional functions of the offices of the Secretary to the State Government, Commissioner of Finance (investment and some functions), Special Duties were transferred to the Chief of Staff. This was similar to Lagos model and the Chief of Staff of Osun was allowed to attend the Joint Accounts and Allocation Committee (JAAC) meetings. These roles were supposed to prepare the incumbent governor for the current jobs, under the continuity strategy required to land the model safely and to feed into the model iteratively, the lessons learned, pitfalls and the outcomes of the model. Therefore, whatever, the current governor is doing right is the deliberate outcome of the model and what he has been taught to do by his predecessor. That’s why one is at a loss for words, when we hear from his disciples that the current governor grudgingly accepted his appointment as Chief of Staff because Ashiwaju Bola Tinubu, compelled him to do so or when his disciples try unsuccessfully, to abdicate him from the joint responsibilities taken during Aregbesola’s tenure or when he distances himself from the model, which has helped him to increase the internally generated revenues of the state and as his administration profits from federal refunds, sales of assets and investments made during Aregbesola’s tenure. Meanwhile, it is counterintuitive and it turns logic on its head, for a man, who reluctantly, accepted an appointment to stay on that same COS job for eight (8) years and finally reaping the benefits of the plum position of a Governor, subsequently. What an alluring reluctance?
The model has a governance culture that replaces a culture of “do little” in the governance of Osun. The government must demonstrate the seriousness and mental capacity required to evoke hope and to sustain the continuous development of Osun space, The handlers of key economic agencies must demonstrate the drive and impetus required to torch all the spheres of needs of the people and the determination to organize, to support and to focus the resources (including the people) to generate economic activities, required for the sustainable development of the state and the standard of living of the people. Obviously, you will know if governance is a tea party, when this model is used to assess, any government because it generates needs, unlike the pedestrian approach which thinks about what to use money for.
The three major stakeholders were identified and they became the integrated parts of the model; they are (1) the masses, the majority people of the states, who are the beneficiaries of the infrastructural developments and the economic activities as well as the movement of goods and humans, which become easy. The masses also benefit from the empowerment programs as well as improvements in the conditions of living (2) the civil servants and retirees, who have to be paid for their services and retirements. Their patronage includes recruitments into service to fulfill the establishment rules, release of funding for trainings, especially the mandatory training for promotions, the life insurance scheme for workers, which started during Ogbeni’s first term, payments of pensions and backlog of pension (there have always been backlogs since creation of the state). The patronage of this class of people goes beyond monthly salaries to allay their fears (3) the socio-political stakeholders, who have to be included based on their abilities to support the government. This class of participants include Community. Development Associations and their councils. The basis of inclusiveness and involvement was well established during the first term of Aregbesola and the social registry of vulnerable people was created. Many of these stakeholders worked their “tails up” to elect the current governor, unlike some of us, who, didn’t work for him. The group includes the carriers of sacrifices to the heavenlies (“awon agbebo y’orun”) and the party faithfuls. Unfortunately, these people who worked for the incumbent governor in 2018 are being dubbed “Attention and Appointment seekers or noise makers”; noise makers in politics?, as if the name calling reductionists, don’t know that there is no “bara re da sohun” in politics, but only, “bara re da sibi” and there are many ways to do the latter, other than appointments, in politics. A missing opportunity for party cohesion and inclusiveness that can deliver continuity for the ruling party in Osun. Not this “Abuse or abandon Aregbesola to get patronage or stick with Aregbesola and get defamed and damned” paranoid syndrome. This approach was different from what the party used in 2014 to secure the second term of Aregbesola, when all the past leaders across the line of divide were brought together, in conviviality to diffuse the tension, to confront and to trounce heavily (like an escaping slave), the federal might of PDP and its candidate then, Senator Iyiola Omisore.
The features, the cultures, the stakeholders’ management presented above have become the political philosophy and economic model; an integrated prism through which any government in Osun would be assessed for many years to come especially the government, who came in on the mantra of continuity.
To be continued in Part II, where opportunities in jeopardy will be examined and an expository analysis of programs, which have been rebranded, just because of exclusion tendency.
Adewale Bolorunduro Bolorunduro, PhD
Former Commissioner of Finance, Osun writes from 6B Lase Ogunleye Street, off Fadahunsi Avenue, Ilesa, Osun.
(Published in Osun Defender, Friday, October 29 – Thursday, November 04, 2021).